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Lock-in Amplifiers

Lock-in amplifiers are an essential part of research laboratories in areas such as optics and photonics, nanotechnology and materials science, quantum technologies, scanning probe microscopy and sensing. Thanks to a lock-in amplifier's ability to extract very small signals buried in noise, it is possible to uncover new science and expand the reach of experimental setups. The working principle of a lock-in amplifier, called demodulation or phase-sensitive detection, rests on mixing the measured signal with a reference frequency followed by low-pass filtering.

Choosing the modulation frequency of the measured signal makes it possible to move it away from dominant noise sources – which is especially relevant close to DC. The correct choice of filter settings can further improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR).

Our white paper and video on the principles of lock-in detection offer a more detailed discussion.

Download the white paper here

MFLI 500 kHz / 5 MHz Lock-in Amplifier

HF2LI 50 MHz Lock-in Amplifier

UHFLI 600 MHz Lock-in Amplifier

  • DC - 500 kHz / 5 MHz, 60 MSa/s, 16 bits
  • Current and differential voltage inputs
  • Plug & Play with embedded LabOne® Web Server
  • DC - 50 MHz, 210 MSa/s, 14 bits
  • 2 independent lock-in units, 2 differential voltage inputs
  • 3 independent harmonics per lock-in unit
  • DC - 600 MHz, 1.8 GSa/s, 12 bits
  • 2 independent lock-in units, 2 voltage inputs
  • 4 independent harmonics per lock-in unit

LabOne Instrument Control Software

All instruments are equipped with the LabOne® user interface providing time- and frequency-domain signal analysis tools in the form of a scope, a real-time data plotter, a DAQ module, a spectrum analyzer and a sweeper. Upgrade options include phase-locked loops, PID controllers, multi-demodulator and multi-frequency functionalities, as well as boxcar averagers and arbitrary waveform generators. These options expand the functionalities of the lock-in amplifiers; their installation does not require users to send the instrument back to us, as upgrade options are built on the FPGA-powered digital signal processing unit.

Linear Fit in LabOne 20.01

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Videos

Principles of lock-in detection

Principles of Lock-in Detection

Low-pass filter settings done right

Low-pass filter settings done right

6 tips to improve your lock-in measurements

6 tips to improve your lock-in measurements

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